Unlike its legalistic fellows, Protectorate of Cuba and the Colony of Puerto Rico, the Pacifica Providence is much hard to ignore. Taking up a vast part of former West Canada, this expansive region is a crude annex to the main 48 American states. While most historians and contemporary legislators gloss over this area it is worthwhile to look at some basic facts.
This 'colony' is massive, nearly 4 million square miles. It has a large and increasing population of well educated mobile people looking for economic opportunities and is filled with rich natural resources like timber, minerals and fisheries. The land is complex ranging from the wide open grain plains of Saskatchewan to the rugged Rockies in Pacfica to the icy coasts of the Northwest Territories. All this varied and rich land fell into American lap at once, and was promptly ignored.
Accounts of the First Atlantic war often glowingly mention the invasion of Western Canada, glossing over the bloody debacles and defeats of the East or at sea. What isn't much discussed is that West Canada fell mostly to American luck then American genius and tactical brilliance. The landing at Prince Rupert is still used as the moniker for a failed operation. But despite this American captured a great prize at little cost.
If any books do mention Pacfica it is fleeting and gives the idea that the population was so small and homogeneous that is was negligible and was merely waiting to be filled. This could not farther from the truth. Former British Columbia had a large population of entrenched people, holding to some basic tenets but diverse otherwise. In order to follow this correctly it is best to divide them up into a few groups. This covers the 'first' era of occupation which runs from 1902-1925.
First we have the Canadians who were most against the occupation and wanted to eject American force at any cost. These solutions ranged from violent insurrection to campaigning for independence. While they were often most vocal group of people, with some significant members among the various organizations and leagues, they ultimately never gained the traction capable of achieving their aims. Also their cries for “Freedom” often lost out against hard nosed calculations of economies and troop numbers. It is a testament to the practicality of the regions inhabitants that violent revolt never occurred.
On the other hand, we have those who viewed the balance of power and decided that America was the future. This group pushed for American integration all the way up to statehood. This group often consisted of the medium businessmen, a few border dwellers, and the increasing American population that slowly took up residence.
The largest group was the middle of the road, and this was the group that took the reigns of powers. Willing to negotiate on most points, they dealt with the American occupations forces. Most of the supports of the 'middle road' pushed for economic growth and cultural enhancement. Education was established as a main tenant as the government slowly coalesced under the new regime. While the middle the road held power the differences inside the is group was immense. Some pushed for expansion in population to gain self security and negotiating power. Others argued that keeping the population “Canadian” and promoting trade with Canada was the best tactic. And still others pushed for open trade with everyone in the Pacfic to reduce dependency on the USA. While different trends won out, the main theme behind Pacfica during the first phase was subjection and coming to terms with losing a chance at full autonomy.